The Ins and Outs of Collecting and Paying GST in Australia


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on collecting and paying Goods and Services Tax (GST) in Australia. In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of GST, its importance, and how it affects businesses and consumers alike. Whether you are a business owner or an individual looking to understand the GST system better, this post will provide you with the necessary knowledge to navigate the world of GST in Australia.

Section 1: Understanding Goods and Services Tax (GST)

GST is a broad-based tax levied on the supply of most goods, services, and anything else consumed or sold in Australia. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) administers the GST system, which plays a vital role in funding the government's activities and services. The current GST rate in Australia is 10%, which is calculated based on the price of goods or services provided.

Section 2: Businesses and GST Registration

GST Registration Threshold:

Businesses with an annual turnover of $75,000 or more are required to register for GST. However, for non-profit organizations, the threshold is $150,000. It is important to note that even if your turnover is below these thresholds, you can still choose to register for GST voluntarily.

Benefits of GST Registration:

Registering for GST offers several benefits to businesses, including:

  1. Input Tax Credits: Registered businesses can claim input tax credits for the GST they pay on purchases related to their business activities. This helps reduce the overall GST liability.
  2. Professional Image: Being registered for GST can enhance your credibility and professionalism in the eyes of your customers or clients.
  3. Tax Invoices: Registered businesses are required to issue tax invoices to their customers for sales over $82.50 (including GST). This allows businesses to claim input tax credits on their purchases.

Section 3: Collecting GST

Tax Invoices and Record Keeping:

When collecting GST, businesses must issue a tax invoice that complies with the ATO's requirements. A valid tax invoice should include specific details such as the seller's name and ABN, a description of the goods or services supplied, the price including GST, and more. Businesses must maintain accurate records of their sales and purchases to ensure compliance with GST regulations.

Timing of GST Collection:

Businesses must collect GST at the time of making a taxable sale. The total amount collected should be displayed on tax invoices and separate from the price of goods or services. It is important to note that businesses cannot claim GST on sales until they have remitted the collected GST to the ATO.

Section 4: Reporting and Lodging BAS

Business Activity Statement (BAS):

A BAS is a form used by businesses to report their GST obligations to the ATO. It includes information about sales, purchases, and other relevant financial details. Registered businesses are required to lodge BAS either monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on their turnover and reporting obligations.

Reporting GST on BAS:

When reporting GST on BAS, businesses need to calculate the difference between the total GST collected from sales and the total GST paid on purchases during the reporting period. This determines whether a business owes additional GST or is eligible for a refund.

Lodging BAS:

BAS can be lodged online using the ATO's Business Portal or through accounting software that is compatible with the ATO's system. It is crucial to lodge BAS on time to avoid penalties or interest charges.

Section 5: Paying GST

Payment Due Dates:

The due date for paying GST depends on the reporting period chosen by the business. For monthly lodgers, the payment is due by the 21st day of the following month. For quarterly lodgers, it is due by the 28th day after the end of each quarter. For annual lodgers, payment is due by the 28th day after the end of the financial year.

Payment Methods:

Businesses can choose from various payment methods to remit their GST liabilities, including online payments through the ATO portal, direct debit, credit card, BPAY, or in-person at Australia Post.

Late Payment Consequences:

Late payment of GST can result in penalties and interest charges imposed by the ATO. Businesses must pay their GST liabilities on time to avoid additional costs and potential audits.

Section 6: Special Cases and Exemptions

GST-Free Supplies:

Certain goods and services are exempt from GST and are referred to as "GST-free supplies." Some examples include basic food items, medical services, education courses, and some exports.

Input Taxed Supplies:

Input-taxed supplies are transactions that do not attract GST. Examples include financial services such as bank fees, residential rental income, and some types of insurance.

International Transactions:

When dealing with international transactions, different rules apply regarding GST collection and payment. Exported goods and services are generally not subject to GST, while imported goods may attract customs duties and other taxes.

Section 7: Record-Keeping Requirements

To ensure compliance with GST regulations, businesses must maintain accurate records related to their sales, purchases, tax invoices, BAS statements, payment receipts, and any other relevant documents. These records should be kept for at least five years in case of audits or ATO inquiries.

Section 8: Penalties and Audits

The ATO conducts regular audits to ensure businesses are complying with their GST obligations. Non-compliance can result in penalties ranging from fines to criminal charges in severe cases of intentional fraud or evasion. Businesses need to maintain proper records, lodge BAS on time, and seek professional advice if uncertain about any aspect of their GST obligations.


Understanding the ins and outs of collecting and paying GST in Australia is essential for both businesses and individuals alike. By adhering to the GST regulations set by the ATO, businesses can ensure compliance while maximizing their input tax credits. Individuals can also benefit from understanding how GST impacts their purchases and transactions. We hope this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable insights into navigating the world of GST in Australia. Remember to consult with a qualified tax professional for personalized advice regarding your specific circumstances.

A Comprehensive Guide to Registering an Australian Business Number (ABN)


Are you planning to start a business in Australia? One of the first steps you need to take is registering for an Australian Business Number (ABN). An ABN is a unique 11-digit identifier that allows you to conduct business legally in Australia. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of registering an ABN, its benefits, eligibility criteria, and important considerations to keep in mind.

Section 1: What is an ABN?

Before we dive into the registration process, let's understand what an ABN is. An ABN is a unique identifier issued by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) to businesses and organizations operating in Australia. It serves as a universal identification number for businesses, enabling them to interact with government agencies, suppliers, and customers.

Section 2: Benefits of having an ABN

Having an ABN offers several benefits for your business:

2.1 Taxation and GST

With an ABN, you can register for Goods and Services Tax (GST), which is a broad-based tax of 10% on most goods, services, and other items sold or consumed in Australia. By registering for GST, you can claim input tax credits for the GST included in your business purchases.

2.2 Credibility and Professionalism

Having an ABN adds credibility and professionalism to your business. Customers and clients often prefer to deal with businesses that have a registered ABN, as it signifies that the business is legitimate and compliant with Australian regulations.

2.3 Access to Government Contracts

Many government contracts require businesses to have a valid ABN. By registering for an ABN, you can unlock opportunities to bid for government contracts and expand your business prospects.

2.4 Claiming Business Expenses

An ABN allows you to claim business expenses and deductions related to your business activities. This can help reduce your taxable income and potentially save you money.

2.5 Simplified Business Transactions

With an ABN, you can easily identify your business when dealing with other businesses, suppliers, or customers. It simplifies transactions and streamlines administrative processes.

Section 3: Eligibility Criteria for ABN Registration

To be eligible for an ABN, you must meet the following criteria:

3.1 Operating a Business

You must be operating a genuine business or intending to start one. A business is defined as any activity conducted with the intention of making a profit.

3.2 Australian Business Structure

You must have an appropriate business structure in Australia. This can include sole traders, partnerships, companies, or trusts.

3.3 Tax Obligations

You must have met all your tax obligations, including lodging any outstanding tax returns and paying any outstanding debts.

3.4 Identity Verification

You must provide accurate identification details and satisfy the identity verification requirements as set by the ATO.

Section 4: Step-by-Step Guide to Registering an ABN

4.1 Gather Required Information

Before starting the registration process, gather the following information:

4.2 Determine the Appropriate Business Structure

Choose the appropriate business structure based on your needs and preferences. The most common structures include sole trader, partnership, company, and trust.

4.3 Online Registration

The easiest and quickest way to register for an ABN is through the online registration portal provided by the ATO. Visit their website (www.abr.gov.au) and follow the step-by-step instructions to complete the registration form.

4.4 Provide Business Activity Details

In the registration form, you will be required to provide detailed information about your business activities. This includes the nature of your business, products or services offered, and the industry in which you operate.

4.5 Provide Personal Information

Fill in your personal details accurately, including your full name, date of birth, residential address, and contact information.

4.6 Provide Business Address Details

Enter the address where your business is located or where your records are kept. This can be a physical address or a registered office address.

4.7 Provide Contact Details

Include your phone number and email address so that the ATO can contact you regarding your ABN registration if needed.

4.8 Estimated Annual Turnover

Provide an estimate of your expected annual turnover. This helps the ATO determine whether you are eligible for certain tax obligations such as GST registration.

4.9 Submit the Application

Review all the information provided and submit your application. You will receive a reference number once your application has been successfully lodged.

4.10 Await Confirmation

The ATO will review your application and may contact you if additional information is required. Once approved, you will receive your ABN via email or post within a few days.

Section 5: Important Considerations

5.1 GST Registration

After obtaining an ABN, you may need to register for GST if your annual turnover exceeds $75,000 (or $150,000 for non-profit organizations). GST registration requires additional reporting obligations and may affect how you price your goods or services.

5.2 Ongoing Obligations

Once registered for an ABN, it is important to comply with ongoing obligations such as updating your business details with the ATO, lodging activity statements, and fulfilling tax obligations.

5.3 ABN Renewal

ABNs are not issued with an expiry date but may be canceled if they are inactive for a certain period of time. To ensure continuity in your business operations, regularly review and update your ABN details as necessary.

5.4 Seek Professional Advice

If you have any doubts or concerns during the registration process or about managing your ABN afterward, it is advisable to seek guidance from a qualified accountant or business advisor who can provide tailored advice based on your specific circumstances.


Registering an ABN is a crucial step for any business operating in Australia. It not only provides numerous benefits but also ensures compliance with taxation and regulatory requirements. By following this comprehensive guide and meeting the eligibility criteria, you can successfully register for an ABN and set yourself up for success in the Australian business landscape. Remember to stay updated on any changes or obligations related to your ABN to ensure smooth operations in the long run.