The Ins and Outs of Collecting and Paying GST in Australia


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on collecting and paying Goods and Services Tax (GST) in Australia. In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of GST, its importance, and how it affects businesses and consumers alike. Whether you are a business owner or an individual looking to understand the GST system better, this post will provide you with the necessary knowledge to navigate the world of GST in Australia.

Section 1: Understanding Goods and Services Tax (GST)

GST is a broad-based tax levied on the supply of most goods, services, and anything else consumed or sold in Australia. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) administers the GST system, which plays a vital role in funding the government's activities and services. The current GST rate in Australia is 10%, which is calculated based on the price of goods or services provided.

Section 2: Businesses and GST Registration

GST Registration Threshold:

Businesses with an annual turnover of $75,000 or more are required to register for GST. However, for non-profit organizations, the threshold is $150,000. It is important to note that even if your turnover is below these thresholds, you can still choose to register for GST voluntarily.

Benefits of GST Registration:

Registering for GST offers several benefits to businesses, including:

  1. Input Tax Credits: Registered businesses can claim input tax credits for the GST they pay on purchases related to their business activities. This helps reduce the overall GST liability.
  2. Professional Image: Being registered for GST can enhance your credibility and professionalism in the eyes of your customers or clients.
  3. Tax Invoices: Registered businesses are required to issue tax invoices to their customers for sales over $82.50 (including GST). This allows businesses to claim input tax credits on their purchases.

Section 3: Collecting GST

Tax Invoices and Record Keeping:

When collecting GST, businesses must issue a tax invoice that complies with the ATO's requirements. A valid tax invoice should include specific details such as the seller's name and ABN, a description of the goods or services supplied, the price including GST, and more. Businesses must maintain accurate records of their sales and purchases to ensure compliance with GST regulations.

Timing of GST Collection:

Businesses must collect GST at the time of making a taxable sale. The total amount collected should be displayed on tax invoices and separate from the price of goods or services. It is important to note that businesses cannot claim GST on sales until they have remitted the collected GST to the ATO.

Section 4: Reporting and Lodging BAS

Business Activity Statement (BAS):

A BAS is a form used by businesses to report their GST obligations to the ATO. It includes information about sales, purchases, and other relevant financial details. Registered businesses are required to lodge BAS either monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on their turnover and reporting obligations.

Reporting GST on BAS:

When reporting GST on BAS, businesses need to calculate the difference between the total GST collected from sales and the total GST paid on purchases during the reporting period. This determines whether a business owes additional GST or is eligible for a refund.

Lodging BAS:

BAS can be lodged online using the ATO's Business Portal or through accounting software that is compatible with the ATO's system. It is crucial to lodge BAS on time to avoid penalties or interest charges.

Section 5: Paying GST

Payment Due Dates:

The due date for paying GST depends on the reporting period chosen by the business. For monthly lodgers, the payment is due by the 21st day of the following month. For quarterly lodgers, it is due by the 28th day after the end of each quarter. For annual lodgers, payment is due by the 28th day after the end of the financial year.

Payment Methods:

Businesses can choose from various payment methods to remit their GST liabilities, including online payments through the ATO portal, direct debit, credit card, BPAY, or in-person at Australia Post.

Late Payment Consequences:

Late payment of GST can result in penalties and interest charges imposed by the ATO. Businesses must pay their GST liabilities on time to avoid additional costs and potential audits.

Section 6: Special Cases and Exemptions

GST-Free Supplies:

Certain goods and services are exempt from GST and are referred to as "GST-free supplies." Some examples include basic food items, medical services, education courses, and some exports.

Input Taxed Supplies:

Input-taxed supplies are transactions that do not attract GST. Examples include financial services such as bank fees, residential rental income, and some types of insurance.

International Transactions:

When dealing with international transactions, different rules apply regarding GST collection and payment. Exported goods and services are generally not subject to GST, while imported goods may attract customs duties and other taxes.

Section 7: Record-Keeping Requirements

To ensure compliance with GST regulations, businesses must maintain accurate records related to their sales, purchases, tax invoices, BAS statements, payment receipts, and any other relevant documents. These records should be kept for at least five years in case of audits or ATO inquiries.

Section 8: Penalties and Audits

The ATO conducts regular audits to ensure businesses are complying with their GST obligations. Non-compliance can result in penalties ranging from fines to criminal charges in severe cases of intentional fraud or evasion. Businesses need to maintain proper records, lodge BAS on time, and seek professional advice if uncertain about any aspect of their GST obligations.


Understanding the ins and outs of collecting and paying GST in Australia is essential for both businesses and individuals alike. By adhering to the GST regulations set by the ATO, businesses can ensure compliance while maximizing their input tax credits. Individuals can also benefit from understanding how GST impacts their purchases and transactions. We hope this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable insights into navigating the world of GST in Australia. Remember to consult with a qualified tax professional for personalized advice regarding your specific circumstances.