Mastering Tax Season:

A Step-by-Step Guide to Lodging Your Tax Return

Tax return step-by-step guide

Tax season can be a daunting time for many people, but it doesn't have to be. Lodging your tax return doesn't have to be a complicated or stressful process. In this comprehensive guide, we'll walk you through a step-by-step guide to successfully lodge your tax return, ensuring you get the best possible outcome.

Whether you're filing your taxes for the first time or you're a seasoned pro, this post will provide you with the knowledge and tools you need to navigate the tax landscape with confidence. From gathering the necessary documents to understanding tax deductions and credits, we've got you covered.

So, let's dive in and explore the ins and outs of lodging your tax return.

Gather Your Documents

The first step in lodging your tax return is to gather all the necessary documents. This includes:

  1. Income Statements: Collect any income statements you've received, such as your payment summaries (previously known as group certificates), interest statements from banks, dividend statements, and any other documents that show your income sources.
  2. Deduction Receipts: Gather all receipts and documents related to any potential tax deductions, such as work-related expenses, charitable donations, medical expenses, and more.
  3. Government Assistance Statements: If you've received any government assistance, such as Centrelink payments or the JobKeeper or JobSeeker programs, make sure you have the relevant statements.
  4. Investment Statements: Collect any statements related to your investments, such as shares, rental properties, or managed funds.
  5. Personal Information: Have your personal details on hand, including your tax file number, date of birth, and contact information.

Organizing these documents ahead of time will make the lodgement process much smoother and ensure you don't miss any important information.

Determine Your Filing Status

Your filing status is an important factor in determining your tax obligations and the deductions or credits you may be eligible for. The main filing statuses in Australia are:

  1. Individual: If you're filing your tax return as a single person, you'll use the individual filing status.
  2. Married/De Facto: If you're married or in a de facto relationship, you may be able to file a joint tax return with your spouse or partner.
  3. Head of Household: This status applies if you're supporting a dependent, such as a child or a parent, and you're not married or in a de facto relationship.
  4. Sole Trader: If you're self-employed and operating as a sole trader, you'll need to file your tax return as a sole trader.

Carefully review the eligibility requirements for each filing status to ensure you select the one that best fits your personal and financial situation.

Understand Tax Deductions and Credits

Tax deductions and credits can significantly reduce your tax liability, so it's essential to understand what you may be eligible for. Some common deductions and credits include:

  1. Work-Related Expenses: This includes expenses you've incurred as part of your job, such as tools, uniforms, travel, and continuing education.
  2. Charitable Donations: Donations to registered charities and non-profit organizations are generally tax-deductible.
  3. Medical Expenses: Certain medical expenses, such as those related to disability or chronic illness, may be eligible for a tax deduction.
  4. Investment Expenses: Expenses related to managing your investments, such as accounting fees or interest on investment loans, may be deductible.
  5. Tax Offsets: Tax offsets, such as the low-income tax offset or the seniors and pensioners tax offset, can directly reduce the amount of tax you owe.

Carefully review the eligibility criteria for each deduction and credit to ensure you're claiming everything you're entitled to. If not sure please download our tax checklist here.

Choose Your Lodgement Method

There are several ways to lodge your tax return in Australia, each with its own advantages and considerations:

  1. Australian Taxation Office (ATO) e-tax: The ATO's e-tax platform allows you to lodge your tax return online using a secure, user-friendly interface. This is a popular option for many taxpayers as it's free and relatively straightforward.
  2. Tax Agent: Engaging a registered tax agent, such as an accountant or tax professional, can be beneficial if your tax situation is more complex. They can ensure you're maximizing your deductions and credits, and they can handle the lodgement process on your behalf.
  3. Tax Preparation Software: Various tax preparation software programs, such as TaxAct or TurboTax, are available that can guide you through the lodgement process. These can be a good option if you're comfortable handling your own tax return but want some additional support.
  4. Paper Tax Return: While less common these days, you can still lodge your tax return by mail using a paper form. This may be preferable if you're uncomfortable with digital platforms or your tax situation is relatively simple. Click here if you want the paper version of the Income-tax return 2024

When choosing your lodgement method, consider your personal preferences, the complexity of your tax situation, and any potential cost savings.

Understand Key Deadlines and Dates

Staying on top of important tax deadlines and dates is crucial to ensure you lodge your return on time and avoid any penalties or late fees. Some key dates to be aware of include:

  1. 30 June: This is the end of the financial year in Australia, and it's the last day to claim deductions for the previous year.
  2. 31 October: This is the standard due date for individual tax returns. If you're lodging your own return, it needs to be submitted by this date.
  3. 15 May: If you're using a registered tax agent, your tax return is typically due by this date. However, tax agents can often obtain an extension to lodge returns later in the year.
  4. 5 September: This is the deadline for making any required amendments to your tax return for the previous financial year.

It's important to note that the ATO may impose penalties or interest charges if you miss these deadlines, so be sure to plan accordingly.

Review and Submit Your Tax Return

Before you submit your tax return, it's essential to carefully review it to ensure all the information is accurate and complete. Double-check the following:

  1. Personal Details: Verify that your name, address, tax file number, and other personal information are correct.
  2. Income and Deductions: Ensure all your income sources are accurately reported and that you've claimed all eligible deductions and credits.
  3. Calculations: Carefully review the calculations to make sure your tax liability and any refund amounts are correct.
  4. Lodgement Method: Confirm that you've selected the appropriate lodgement method (e.g., e-tax, tax agent, or paper return) and that you've followed all the necessary steps.

Once you're satisfied that your tax return is complete and accurate, you can proceed with the lodgement process. If you're using e-tax or tax preparation software, this will typically involve submitting your return electronically. If you're working with a tax agent, they will handle the lodgement on your behalf.

Understand the ATO's Response and Next Steps

After you've lodged your tax return, you can expect to receive a response from the ATO. This may include:

  1. Notice of Assessment: The ATO will issue a Notice of Assessment, which outlines your final tax liability and any refund or payment due.
  2. Refund: If you're entitled to a tax refund, the ATO will process the payment and deposit the funds into your nominated bank account.
  3. Tax Debt: If you owe additional tax, the ATO will provide instructions on how to make the payment, including due dates and payment options.
  4. Amendments: If the ATO identifies any issues or discrepancies in your tax return, they may request additional information or require you to make amendments.

It's important to carefully review the ATO's response and take any necessary action, such as making a payment or providing additional documentation. Staying on top of these steps will help ensure a smooth tax season and avoid any potential penalties or issues.


Lodging your tax return doesn't have to be a daunting task. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can navigate the process with confidence and ensure you get the best possible outcome.

Remember to gather all the necessary documents, understand your filing status and available deductions and credits, choose the right lodgement method, and stay on top of key deadlines. With a little preparation and attention to detail, you can take the stress out of tax season and focus on maximizing your tax return.

If you have any further questions or need additional support, don't hesitate to consult a registered tax agent or the Australian Taxation Office. Happy tax season!

The crazy world of business what should you buy, what items should you invest in your business, should you buy things just for tax deduction, or should you buy items for direct connection to making money in your business, let us shed some light on the most sort out topic of accumulating expenses just for a tax deduction, why does the Australian Tax Office provide this relief for Small businesses and not depreciate these assets over time?

What is an Instant Asset Write off?

Are items that you use in your business that are $30,000 and under and are used to produce assessable income.

Previous to these new tax laws items of more than a $1,000 were depreciated over time which meant that you only received a deduction for the portion that the item was depreciated by, which was a slow process, less spending on larger items meant that businesses in Australia could not access massive tax breaks, with this new law, you can instantly write off purchases to the amount of $30,000 previous to this it was $20,000, you will still have access to this write off until 30 June 2020.

Businesses with $10 Million or less turnover can still access this Instant asset write off. Purchases on items of up to $30,000 including GST are allowable items that can be instant write offs and do not need to be depreciated over time.

You will definitely make up your mind after this blog if you really need to purchase items for your business just for a tax deduction or so you can merely invest to produce income.

The main problem businesses face with such a decision is that main stream media and advertising channels make it sound so good and create offers that irresistible that no one can afford not to buy, what’s the catch? The catch is the media and advertising companies don’t really understand tax, however the consumer who sees it on TV or hears it on the radio says well if there saying it must be true, they’re not tax advisors, and the advice is not tailored to your needs, only believe less than half of what they promote, otherwise you may have a massive gap in your cash flow projections and or your profit and loss for year end.

We spend $30,000 the maximum amount you can write off, to have a reduction of $9,000 in your tax bill, does this make sense? It really only makes sense if you need the item you are going to buy, like a new PC, the odd tablet or Laptop, items that will produce income for your business, items that will sustain your business so you won’t go out of business.

After 10 years of being in business and 20 years of being in tax, most people believe that if you spend $30,000 you will receive a $30,000 refund, trying to explain how tax works is sometimes convoluted however it’s as simple as this, as a company you earn $1,000 then the tax rate currently is 30%, $1,000 * 30% = $300 that is your tax bill for a $1,000 earned, should you spend $500.00 of that on tax deductible items for example a tablet, then the reduction of tax is $500 * 30% company tax rate equals $150, therefore your tax bill at the end of the year with this simple illustration is $300 minus $150, the myth is that people think that they spent $500 on tax deductible items that they get the $500 in entirety back on the tax which is incorrect, the classic is when you talk to a salesperson its 100% tax deductible, what else could it be if it’s for work purposes? A 90%/10% not tax deductible, only very rarely do you see this in Australia and one example could be an Income protection policy adopting this 90 10 rule, and the reason they would adopt the 90% tax deduction and 10% not tax deductible is because you will receive your income protection payout tax free for the rest of your working life in the event of an accident.

You can safely assume that most items used for work purposes are tax deductible hence the above example is what you will pay in tax, 100% tax deductible means that the entire purchase is minus this from the income you make thus $1,000 less the $500 of the purchase, therefore your taxable income is $500, tax on $500 is times this by 30%, so your tax bill is $150, it’s as simple as that. Should you have not purchased the $500 item then your tax bill will be with no tax deductions so $1,000 times it by the tax rate of 30% and you have a $300 tax bill, its as simple as that, spend $500 to reduce your tax to $150 or don’t spend on the tax deduction and just pay $300 in tax, the two scenarios have the following as after tax profit.

The first when your purchasing the asset is $1,000 less purchase of $500 is $500 times it by the tax rate of 30% you are left with cash in pocket $500 less tax bill of $150 is $350 in your pocket, the second scenario is no deductions so no asset purchase therefore the results are $1,000 times it by the tax rate of 30% $1,000 less $300 you are left with a profit of $700 however no purchase, with both scenarios you see that you are left with exactly half if you purchase an item and double that if you don’t purchase the item, scenario one you have $700 as profit and scenario 2 you have $350 as profit, you should speak with your tax adviser before you make any major purchases so you wont be out of pocket at the end of any financial year, our clients never make this mistake as they always consult us before any major purchases as we follow their accounts on a quarterly or monthly basis and understand where and what position the business is standing at, you can book a time with us to see how we can help here.

What you should do?

Always consult your tax agent or tax advisor, if you see that you are provided with the wrong advice three times in a row, change your accountant.

Never buy a tax-deductible item just for the sake of buying it for a tax deduction.

Always purchase tax-deductible items with the intent that you need the item to keep on creating more taxable income or assessable income for tax purposes, and that the investment will flourish your business and not create a detriment.

Avoid being one of the businesses that do not know about the instant asset write off.

Only spend if you really need too.

Consult us if you need a second opinion.

If you need any other information please let us know and we are happy to write about it.

We are happy to help you if you need sound tax advice.